The section on nature’s unifying patterns has fresh content and a new layout.

Newly added:

  • 10 pages, each focusing on one of the patterns, with a full description and examples. You can also navigate between these pattern pages using a menu that appears on the right side of each of them.  Start exploring here.
  • 2 PDF documents: Nature’s Unifying Patterns (full text of all 10), and Nature’s Unifying Patterns: Biology Examples and Design Applications.


The main page for nature’s unifying patterns has been updated and subdivided. The content on Earth’s operating system was extracted into a separate page under Core Concepts. Nature’s Unifying Patterns was simplified to focus on the origin and use of the patterns.



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